By James W. Cortada
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Extra resources for A City in war: American views on Barcelona and the Spanish Civil War, 1936-39
Troops, and later refugees, were quartered here. In May 1937, Barcelona was the scene of a mini-civil war between those Republicans supporting the anarchists, on the one hand, and, on the other, those siding with the Communist Party and its allies in a struggle for control over Republican political affairs. Of considerable importance to both camps was the dominance of Barcelona and Catalonia's contribution to the war effort. The anarchists were defeated and persecuted. 13 Finally, in late 1938, Nationalist forces turned their attention toward Catalonia and Barcelona; a major campaign that proved to be the last significant one of the Civil War was begun by launching a drive at Christmas for the conquest of northeast Spain to the French frontier.
8 The realities of the situation during July could not have been altered by Companys through any strength of personality, let alone political power. " In other words, he was a man unable "to arrest the rising tide of anarchy'' that swept over Barcelona that summer. Companys remained in power because the CNT felt it needed his support. " Raymond Carr saw that the city of Barcelona took on a true proletarian flavor, in which a government composed of representatives from various labor groups operated parallel to the regular authorities.
9Salter, Try-Out in Spain, pp. 8788; Broué and Témime, La révolution et la guerre d'Espagne, pp. 13031; Payne, The Spanish Revolution, p. 223; Raymond Carr, Spain, 18081939 (Oxford, 1966), pp. 66465. Page 7 PSUC, POUM, CNT, UGT, Esquerra (the Catalan leftist republican party), Rabassaires (farmers' union party), Acción Catalan (Catalan republican party and also known as the Accío Catalana), and other groups mixed and competed for political control of the city. Those working within the official government or parallel to it, through parties and labor organizations, established various committees to provide quasi-official direction for the city, depending on their political and military strength.
A City in war: American views on Barcelona and the Spanish Civil War, 1936-39 by James W. Cortada