By Rory O'Donnell

ISBN-10: 0312045085

ISBN-13: 9780312045081

ISBN-10: 1349109088

ISBN-13: 9781349109081

ISBN-10: 134910910X

ISBN-13: 9781349109104

This publication appears to be like on the price and distribution debates at the theories of Adam Smith. quite a few the features of his paintings are coated during this ebook reminiscent of his labour command degree, as are a few interpretations and criticisms.

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Consequently the growth or deeline of the produce depends on the division of any given annual produce between productive and unproductive labour: It was in Book H, Chapter iii of the Wealth This produce, how great soever, can never be infinite, but must have certain limits. According, therefore, as a smaller or greater proportion of it is in any one year employed in maintaining unproductive hands, the more in the one case and the less in the other will remain for the productive, and the next year's produce will be greater or smaller accordingly.

4, emphasis added) This suspension of the resolution of price into wages, profits and rent, is of the greatest significance. First, there is, therefore, no need for consistency between the division of produce into profits, rent and wages, and its division into profits, rent and capital. The former is true and relevant only 'ultimately'; the latter is 'immediately' relevant. Any apparent paradox is dispelled once it grasped that profits plus rents in the ultimate resolution of annual produce into wages, profits and rents (equation 1) will not be the same magnitude ofvalue as profits plus rents in the immediate division of produce into profits plus rent, and capital (equation 2).

Besides relating profits to this ratio of output to the inputs required for those outputs (or ratio of output to capital) Smith also related the rate of profit to 'competition', and thereby introduced a considerable ambiguity as to wh~t was the ultimate source of falling profits. In Chapter 6 this ambigu1ty will be Surplus 43 shown to have been an important feature of his treatment of value and distribution. Removal of restrictions on trade A second example of how change in capital or produce determined change in revenue can be cited.

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Adam Smith’s Theory of Value and Distribution: A Reappraisal by Rory O'Donnell


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