By Montague Ullman (auth.), Stanley Krippner, Mary Lou Carlson, Montague Ullman, Robert O. Becker (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461590922

ISBN-13: 9781461590927

ISBN-10: 1461590949

ISBN-13: 9781461590941

Montague Ullman the second one quantity of this sequence contains essays on equipment and concerns in ESP learn (Morris), study findings in ESP (Palmer), and theories of psi (Rao). It hence enhances the components coated in quantity 1, the 2 volumes taken jointly offering the reader with a valid grounding within the growth and achievements of parapsychological learn from its inception to the current day. what's instantly impressive is the speedy bring up within the quantity and diversity of experimental stories showing within the final decade and the expanding variety of facilities during which learn is being conducted. paintings in parapsychology is relocating towards a broader disciplinary base, using extra ingenious expertise, higher educational aid, and extra task on a world scale. those are promising indicators of a rapprochement among parapsychological examine and the mainstream of technology. Robert O. Becker, in his preface to quantity 1, holds out the wish that parapsychology will paved the way to a brand new view of the organic or­ ganism, one going past mechanism to "a new imaginative and prescient of the individual and his position within the universe" (Becker, 1977). Heavy as this respon­ sibility can be, a cautious studying of the current quantity should still convince the reader new view is particularly a lot in order.

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When the subject is being prepared for the session, he or she is generally given some idea of the nature of the targets involved. " One must be careful not to give too specific an example, lest one bias the expectations of the subject and affect the content of the later impressions. Since the subject is being asked to generate complex impressions and imagery, various imagery-enhancement procedures are now being used. Most of them essentially aid the subject in redirecting attention away from competing external information toward internally generated information.

If a subject knows that there will be exactly 13 cards of each suit or 5 cards of each of the standard ESP symbols, he or she will tend to keep track of how many have been called before, so as to call each symbol the same number oftimes. This produces biased calling, especially toward the end of the run. To avoid this an open A Survey of Methods and Issues in ESP Research 35 deck is generally used, one in which each card is determined independently of the others so that some symbols may occur more often than others.

Once the subject stops shuffling and sets the deck aside, someone not aware of the concealed symbol order then records the order of the shuffled deck. It can then be compared with the concealed order, position by position, to see to what extent the two orders match. It is as though the concealed order were functioning as a complex key card and the subject's cards were the target cards, to be set aside whenever a significant match occurred. Note that as stated, the subject could be using psi at more than one time in the course of a run.

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Advances in Parapsychological Research: Volume 2: Extrasensory Perception by Montague Ullman (auth.), Stanley Krippner, Mary Lou Carlson, Montague Ullman, Robert O. Becker (eds.)

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