By Ogbu Kalu
Throughout Africa, Christianity is prospering in all styles and sizes. yet one specific pressure of Christianity flourishes greater than such a lot -- Pentecostalism. Pentecostals think that everybody can in my opinion obtain the presents of the Holy Spirit similar to prophecy or the power to talk in tongues. In Africa, this type of religion, within which the supernatural is a regular presence, is sweeping the continent. this day, approximately 107 million Africans are Pentecostals -- and the numbers proceed to upward push. during this e-book, Ogbu Kalu offers the 1st ever assessment of Pentecostalism in Africa. He indicates the fantastic range of the religion, which thrives in lots of assorted kinds in various neighborhood contexts. whereas most folks think that Pentecostalism used to be dropped at Africa and imposed on its humans by way of missionaries, Kalu argues emphatically that this isn't the case. through the e-book, he demonstrates that African Pentecostalism is fantastically African in personality, now not imported from the West. With an even-handed method, Kalu offers the religion's many services in African lifestyles. instead of shying clear of arguable concerns just like the position of cash and prosperity within the stream, Kalu describes malpractice whilst he sees it. the single publication to provide a entire examine African Pentecostalism, this examine touches upon the movement's identification, the function of missionaries, media and pop culture, girls, ethics, Islam, and immigration. The ensuing paintings will end up important to a person drawn to Christianity outdoors the West.
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Additional resources for African Pentecostalism: An Introduction
Ethiopianism countered the denigration of indigenous cultures with a nationalist antistructure, and a quest for the Africanization of the gospel. A religious interpretation of this movement sets the stage for understanding the patterns of Africans’ quest for identity through religious power in the period under the colonial canopy and thereafter. The aftereffects of the First World War unsettled African communities. The inﬂuenza epidemic that followed the war and the intensiﬁcation of racist policies, alienation of land, and political disenfranchisement of Africans combined to aid the upsurge of spiritual movements that sought to succor Africans through prayer.
Nxele wove a myth that included a God for the whites and another for the blacks and redeﬁned the massive European migration into the southern hemisphere as a punishment for killing their God’s son. He delineated their potential threat to his people and turned his half-digested Christianity into a resistant religion. Ntsikana tried to persuade people to ignore Nxele’s militant notions but to drive in the line of the skid by deploying an evolutionary process that would utilize the Christianity to cure the moral challenges in the primal religion and weave an organized, united community so as to preserve the race in the face of the incursions of land-grabbing Europeans.
For instance, the Balokole (Luganda for Saved Ones) was a movement that ﬂowed from Rwanda through Uganda to Tanganyika and Sudan. The effects lasted through ﬁve decades. Similarly, the massive Pentecostal/charismatic revivals of the 1970s provide another example that has continued with great intensity through decades, and covered the entire continent including states built on either Muslim or communist ideology. In the course of this broad time frame, ﬁve types of revival could be detected: bakuzufu 29 Type 1: A diviner or religious leader from the traditional context would shift base by appropriating some aspects of Christian symbols and message to create a new synthesis or emergent religious form that could respond to the felt needs of the community.
African Pentecostalism: An Introduction by Ogbu Kalu