By Helen Kalkstein Fragiadakis
This profitable application stresses an inductive method of speaking successfully in English via spotting and generating excessive frequency American idioms.
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Extra info for All Clear!: Idioms in Context ( Book 2 )
Figure 1 i~ the test of the relevance principle in conjunction with the e任ects of generality , which predicts fewer inflections among the most highly relevant categories. In general , both sets of results conform to the predictions made by the hypothesis , although neither conform perfectly. Th is indicates , of course , the need to investigate additional factors that might determine morphological status. Let us discuss briefly the specific findings of the survey. Perhaps the most striking finding in this survey is the near universaliîy of the morphological expression of valence.
S inflectional categories. To arrive at that prediction , we must take this Iinear scale and bend it into a bell-shapcd curve. The categories in the middle will be the highest points on the curvc. that is , the most likely to be inflectional categories for verbs. The likelihood of inflectional expression drops off on either end , but for different reasons. 0 1} one end it drops off because the categories become less relevant to the verb. On this end of 1he scale_lie the agreement categories. On the other end the scale drops off because the categories involved make larger and le臼 predictab~ semantIC changes , andare thus more hkely to be lexicalized , -Such a curve.
In 5 languages the opposite order occurs. Th e position of number markers was not tested because in a large majority of languages these markers occur in portmanteau expression with person markers and an ordering of elements is impossible to determine. Th us for the most part , where "person" occurs above , one may read "person and number". Th is fusion of person and number markers is no doubt due to their diachronic origins as subject (or object) pronouns. We will have more to say below about the diachronic source of the order of morphemes in a verb form.
All Clear!: Idioms in Context ( Book 2 ) by Helen Kalkstein Fragiadakis