By F. Makken (auth.), A. Uzo Mokwunye (eds.)

ISBN-10: 079231221X

ISBN-13: 9780792312215

ISBN-10: 9401132240

ISBN-13: 9789401132244

Tropical Africa escaped from the glaciers that coated the temperate elements of the area in the course of the Ice Age. The legacy is that almost all of the mother or father fabrics of the soils of tropical Africa are outdated, hugely weathered and without bases and phosphate-bearing minerals. conventional farming structures that have been rather strong and sustainable trusted lengthy fallow classes after one to 2 years of cropping to take care of the effective capability of the soils. lately and particularly in densely populated components, a huge category of 'landless' farmers have all started to domesticate marginal lands or to invade the 'forest reserves' thereby exacerbating the issues of land and environ­ psychological degradation. of soil fertility that might facilitate the creation of enough amounts of the primary retaining a degree staples has develop into an important problem to agricultural scientists in tropical Africa. to extend the nutrient­ delivering energy of soils calls for the inputs of fertilizers. those may be natural or inorganic. The potency with which those externally provided inputs can bring up agricultural creation and decrease soil and environmental deterioration relies at the skill of scientists to figure out the perfect forms and amounts of the goods to use to every soil, crop and cropping process in addition to the facility of farmers to obtain needful farm deal with­ ment skills.

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Additional resources for Alleviating Soil Fertility Constraints to Increased Crop Production in West Africa

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Alleviating the farmer-related constraints Farmers are central to the entire process of technology transfer; innovations must not only be profitable for them but also meet their per- sonal social and farming needs to stand any chance of adoption. Thus, most of the farmerrelated constraints to fertilizer technology adoption relate to the following: • Personal situation - low educational level and poor technical skills to properly adopt and incorporate the fertilizer technology effectively and successfully.

Lal R (1987) Tropical Ecology and Physical Edaphology. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester 24. Lal R, Lawson TL and Anastase AH (1980) Erosivity of tropical rains. Pages 143-151 In: DeBoodt M and Gabriels 0 (eds) Assessment of Erosion. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester 25. Lawson TL and Juo ASR (1979) Climate and soil conditions in the Sub-humid and Semi-arid Regions of West Africa with special reference to maize production. A paper presented at the first SAFGRAD Maize Production Workshop, Ouagadougou, Upper Volta, Feb.

Toukoua D (1986) Welcoming address from Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN). Page 11, In: Agrometeorology of groundnut. Proceedings of an International Symposium, 21-26 Aug 1985, ICRISAT Sahelian Center, Niamey, Niger A. U. ), Alleviating Soil Fertility Constraints to Increased Crop Production in West Africa, 45-57. © 1991 Kluwer Academic Publishers. B. Christianson! G. Vlek 2 ! A. 2 Formerly at IFDC.

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