By Ian Green
This quantity is the 1st try to examine the influence of either humanism and Protestantism at the schooling provided to quite a lot of kids within the countless numbers of grammar colleges working in England among the Reformation and the Enlightenment. by means of putting that schooling within the context of Lutheran, Calvinist and Jesuit schooling overseas, it deals an summary of the makes use of to which Latin and Greek have been installed English colleges, and identifies the options devised via clergy and laity in England for dealing with the tensions among classical experiences and Protestant doctrine. It additionally deals a reassessment of the function of the 'godly' in English schooling, and demonstrates the numerous ways that a classical schooling got here to be mixed with shut aid for the English Crown and validated church. one of many significant assets used is the college textbooks which have been included into the 'English inventory' manage through prime contributors of the Stationers' corporation of London and reproduced in thousands of copies through the 17th and eighteenth centuries. even supposing the center of classical schooling remained basically an identical for 2 centuries, there has been a transforming into gulf among the equipment during which classics have been taught in elite associations similar to Winchester and Westminster and within the many city and nation grammar colleges during which translations or bilingual models of many classical texts got to weaker scholars. The luck of those new translations most likely inspired editors and publishers to supply these adults who had bought very little classical schooling new types of works by means of Aesop, Cicero, Ovid, Virgil, Seneca and Caesar. This fascination with old Greece and Rome left its mark not just at the way of life and literary tastes of the knowledgeable elite, but additionally strengthened the strongly moralistic outlook of some of the English laity who equated advantage and stable works with exciting God and meriting salvation.
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Extra resources for Humanism and Protestantism in Early Modern English Education (St. Andrews Studies in Reformation History)
See also Richard Tompson, Classics or Charity? (Manchester, 1971). 100 The phrase appears in cathedral statutes drawn up in the 1540s and 1550s with reference to schools such as those at Canterbury and Durham: Woodruff and Cape, Canterbury School, p. 48; VCH Durham, vol. I, p. 374. But for many other examples, see below, pp. 57, 72, 80–81. 101 For Lutheran schools, see below, pp. 102 It is perhaps worth asking how far England adopted and persisted with a Sturmian model of classical education at a time when some schools in other countries were beginning to modify it.
W. 57 But in subsequent decades a number of scholars began to stress the extent to which Marlowe and Shakespeare adapted the ‘popular’, ‘native’ tradition of the morality play, or to point out the use made of drama for Protestant propaganda. Since then there have been several attempts to re-engage with humanism, though these have usually been much more critical than older ones. Some authors, for example, have compared the artificiality and rule-bound aridity of ‘humanist’ dramaturgy unfavourably with the liveliness and freedom of ‘popular’ sources, while others have stressed the points of tension between Andrew Hadfield, Shakespeare and Republicanism (Cambridge, 2005), pp.
99 However, as we shall see in Chapter 2, there are a number of other indications that a considerable number of grammar schools did survive and even flourish as never before, by proving flexible enough to provide simpler, and therefore quicker and cheaper, ways of teaching the classics, and at the same time offering a broader education, with a modern language, and more geography and mathematics. 100 The other dimension that has been lacking in recent decades has been awareness of what was happening abroad at the time at secondary level.
Humanism and Protestantism in Early Modern English Education (St. Andrews Studies in Reformation History) by Ian Green