By F. Escrig
Beginning in antiquity and completing within the Baroque, this ebook presents a whole research of vital works of structure from a structural perspective. A exclusive architect and educational, the author’s hugely illustrated exploration will enable readers to raised comprehend the monuments, catch up with to them and to discover whether or not they could be conserved or converted. Contents: Stones Resting on Empty area; the discovery of the Dome; The striking Dome; The Ribbed Dome; A Planified Revenge - below the Shadow of Brunelleschi; The Century of the nice Architects; The Omnipresent Sinan; Even extra; the correct symbioses form-function within the excessive Baroque structure; Scenographical structure of the 18th century; The digital structure of the Renaissance and the Baroque.
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Additional info for The Great Structures in Architecture: From Antiquity to Baroque (Advances in Architecture)
29. Fig. 25. Engraving of the interior of Saint Sophia, in Constantinople. The complex with its collection of abutted domes is really difficult to interpret (Fig. 30), but it is based fundamentally on a dome that rests on four transverse arches of great magnitude which transition to the circular plan is done by means of pendentives. These transverse arches are not rigid enough to support the horizontal thrusts, they must be supported by auxiliary structures: in the north-western and south-eastern sides with two semi domes that in turn are compensated by other shells of apse, and in the perpendicular sides by four huge buttresses (Fig.
67). Fig. 61. Drawing by Piranesi of the Temple of Tosse, in the Villa Adriana. 42 The Invention of the Dome Fig. 62. Building process without framework of a rectangular plan vault and building stages (Souza). Fig. 63. Building process without framework of rectangular plan vault (Souza). Fig. 64. Different building stages for the covering, by means of domes, of a Mauritanian house (Souza). 43 The Great Structures in Architecture REFERENCES OF CHAPTER 2 Fig. 65. Domed construction in Afghanistan (Souza).
11. Sketch of the initial planning of the Roman domes (Escrig). These vaults have a very stable structural behaviour because they are firmly supported by heavy walls and their thickness diminishes as it gradually approaches the headstone, which receives all the weight. Although this constructive system is not the optimum, because of the need of a complete formwork, it has evident advantages. In the first place it is monolithic, since it is based on a pozzolana concrete, resistant and light. In addition, it is compatible with the introduction of brick strips.
The Great Structures in Architecture: From Antiquity to Baroque (Advances in Architecture) by F. Escrig