By Karel-Peter Companje, Karel Veraghtert, Brigitte Widdershoven
Medical health insurance is a key portion of the present social defense approach in ecu Union nations. In such a lot international locations, smooth medical health insurance cash and well-being care insurers are a vital position in imposing the general public medical insurance process. a lot of those glossy medical insurance money have a desirable and lengthy ancestry, transparent lines of that are noticeable this present day within the corporation of nationwide medical health insurance, in addition to the constitution of medical insurance cash and insurers. of their research Centuries of cohesion, the authors evaluate medical health insurance, medical insurance cash and healthiness care insurers in Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. Given the same political, monetary and social improvement that those international locations have gone through long ago 60 years and the qualitatively excessive point of health and wellbeing care they supply, one may well count on a level of likeness in those international locations’ well-being care assurance platforms. The dissimilarities are fantastic, even though. actually, modifications have gotten ever extra obvious among the several nationwide structures usually, and among the constitution and operation of the medical insurance money and well-being care insurers particularly. ameliorations contain the obligatory nature of assurance, the level of canopy, rates, medical health insurance company, mutual pageant, and the measure of personal coverage. lots of those nationwide singularities might be understood and defined purely via contemplating the historic historical past of the present nationwide medical health insurance platforms, the insurers, and their evolution over de prior centuries. This research adopts an institutional and political viewpoint in the direction of additional figuring out of the improvement of medical health insurance, and of the way this finally decided the categorical nature of the overall healthiness care insurers and cash, and the way they presently function within the 3 nations studied.
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Extra resources for Two Centuries of Solidarity: Social Health Insurance in Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands 1770-2008
In contrast to the Southern Netherlands, where the guilds were abolished very quickly, the process in the Northern Netherlands took almost a quarter of a century. In 1808, Gogel introduced the Corporatiewet (Corporations Act). In theory, the act abolished the guilds, but in practice they were simply replaced with corporations, which were supposed to take over the social role of the guilds. The annexation to France in 1810 meant that the Netherlands were also subject to French law and the ban on guilds.
In the states of Germany, the traditional craft guilds survived for longer than their counterparts in the Netherlands, although their circumstances varied greatly from state to state. The Le Chapelier Law and the ban on guilds were implemented with varying success in areas of Germany that were under French rule. In the southern, central and eastern regions, there was little French inﬂuence, and the guilds continued to operate virtually as they had done in the past. Notes 1 2 3 4 5 F. Stevens, ‘Het Coalitieverbod in België (1795-1866)’, 395-396.
Bos, ‘Beroepsgebonden onderlinges 1500-1800’, 106. M. Hermans, Zorg en markt in historisch en huidig perspectief, 21. J. van Genabeek, ‘Dwang en vrijwilligheid’, 53. Ibidem, 63-64. A. Thijs, ‘Religieuze rituelen’, 251. C. Lis, H. Soly, Werken volgens de regels, 21-22. A. Thijs, ‘Religieuze rituelen’, 202 en P. Lenders,Vilain XIIII, 107-122 H. Peters, Die Geschichte der Sozialversicherung, 26 en H. Karwehl, Die Entwicklung und Reform des deutscher Knappschaftswesens, 15. G. Ritter, Sozialversicherung in Deutschland und England, 18.
Two Centuries of Solidarity: Social Health Insurance in Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands 1770-2008 by Karel-Peter Companje, Karel Veraghtert, Brigitte Widdershoven